The project “Inventory, assessment and remediation of anthropogenic sources of pollution in the Lower Danube Region of Ukraine, Romania” (MIS ETC 995) financed by the Joint Operational Programme Romania-Ukraine-Republic of Moldova 2007 – 2013, will lay the basis for cross-border cooperation in the Lower Danube region for identifying the significant land-based sources of pollution, improved monitoring of them, sharing information about them, and developing a strategy for reducing or eliminating their impacts. As the three countries concerned share the Danube River as a single hydrological unit, pollution in one part can quickly impact others, so it is in the interest of all partners to cooperate closely in this project.
During the course of the project number of investigations involving 3 countries concerning the sources of soil and water pollution (including hazardous waste storage sites) in the Lower Danube region will be conducted, a risk assessment of these sources, and a cross-border strategy for dealing with potential risks and emergencies from the pollution sources will be identified.
The specific project objectives are:
- To improve knowledge of the current state of chemical dumps and wastewater discharges in the Lower Danube region and establish priorities on how to reduce or eliminate them;
- To reduce pollution of the Danube from wastewater discharges; and
- To increase public awareness about sources of soil and water pollution
The regional project is structured within 4 components:
- Inventory and assessment of sources of pollution affecting land and waters
- Wastewater treatment infrastructure
- Long term monitoring and risk assessment of pollution sources
- Public Information Service on Pollution Sources
The GEF/UNEP Enabling Activity Development of Minamata Initial Assessment in Moldova, supported by the United Nations Environmental Programme, aims at preparing the ground to ratify the Minamata Convention on Mercury in Moldova and to building national capacity to meet reporting and other obligations under the Convention.
Our country is one of 92 states to join the Minamata Convention on Mercury which is a global treaty to protect human health and the environment from the adverse effects of mercury. The Convention will support the countries’ efforts in strengthening measures against mercury at national, regional and global level in order to reduce its adverse impacts on human health and environment. The Minamata Convention provides for controls of mercury releases into the atmosphere across a range of industries, such as coal power plants, incineration and cement production. It has also agreed on a range of mercury-containing products whose production, import and export will be banned by 2020.
The Republic of Moldova signed the Minamata Convention on Mercury on 10 October 2013.
GEF/UNEP project Enabling Activity Development of Minamata Initial Assessment in Moldova will be implemented by the Ministry of Environment through the Environmental Pollution Prevention Office, in cooperation with other relevant ministries, and the expected outcomes will contribute to reinforcement of the institutional capacities in this sector.
The goal of the MIA development is to protect human health and the environment from the risks posed by the unsound use, management and release of mercury.
The development of the MIA has five components:
- Component 1: Determination of Coordination Mechanism and organization of process;
- Component 2: Assessment of the national infrastructure and capacity for the management and monitoring of mercury, including national legislation;
- Component 3: Development of a mercury inventory using the UNEP mercury toolkit;
- Component 4: Identification of challenges, needs and opportunities to implement the Minamata Convention on Mercury;
- Component 5: Preparation, validation of National MIA report and implementation of awareness raising activities and dissemination of results.