International conventions (9)
With the goal of development of the regional and international cooperation system in the field of environmental protection, including chemicals management sphere the Republic of Moldova has ratified a number of international treaties. The need for promotion of common policy in the field of environment and natural resources, for implementation of requirements on environmental protection in the process of transformation of national economy, ratification of international conventions regarding chemicals management requires realization of actions for political reform in present sphere.
Regional and international cooperation is useful for solutions to common environmental problems among many states, involving cultural, legal and environmental common actions, which more often require numerous financial resources. Such cooperation is referred to in the implementation of international conventions and treaties in the field of chemicals management. The Republic of Moldova is actively taking part in international cooperation, being at the same time a member of many international bodies.
International framework on regulation in the field of chemicals management includes the following multilateral treaties:
Chemicals management conventions ratified by the Republic of Moldova so far are the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) and the Rotterdam Convention on Prior Consent Procedure (PIC) for Certain knowingly Hazardous Chemicals and Pesticides subject to international trade. However, Moldova ratified the Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal, which addresses the issue of waste management of hazardous chemicals. Another important international treaty in the field of management of chemicals being ratified by Parliament of Moldova Montréal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer to the Vienna Convention on the Protection of the Ozone Layer.
The main goal of the Stockholm Convention is the protection of human health and environment. Under this convention presently are registered 12 POP pesticides (aldrine, chlordane, DDT, dieldrin, endrin, heptaclor, mirex, toxafen), industrial chemical substances (hexaclorbenzen — HCB si policlorinat bifenil — PCB) and dioxine and furans sub products. These substances have toxic particularities, resist degradation, are biologically accumulated and transported through air, water and migrant species along international boarder and can be deposited far away from the place of their origin. The Republic of Moldova has ratified the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants by Law nr. 40-XV from 19.02.2004. Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resource is designated as competent authority for coordination of execution of provisions of the convention.
The Rotterdam Convention on prior informed consent (PIC) procedure which covers pesticides and industrial chemicals that are a subject of international trade.
Convention encourages share of responsibilities and cooperation among Parties in the area of international trade of certain hazardous chemicals in order to protect human health and the environment from potential harm; to contribute to the environmentally sound use of those hazardous chemicals, by facilitating information exchange about their characteristics, by providing for a national decision-making process on their import and export and by disseminating these decisions to Parties. The Convention was ratified by the Republic of Moldova according to Law nr 389-XV from 25.11.2004. Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resource is designated as competent authority for coordination of execution of provisions of the convention.
The objective of the Convention is the improvement of management of hazardous waste and other waste in sound environmental conditions; control over import, export and transit of hazardous waste and other waste. Convention was ratified by the Republic of Moldova in June 2nd, 1998 according to the Parliament of RM Decision nr.1599-XIII from 10 March 1998. Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resource is designated as competent authority for coordination of execution of provisions of the convention.
Strategic Approach to International Chemicals Management (SAICM) was adopted at the International Conference on Chemicals Management (ICCM) on 6th February 2006 in Dubai, United Arab Emirates.
The Strategic Approach to International Chemicals Management is an international policy framework to foster the sound management of chemicals.
The Strategic Approach was mandated by the United Nations Environmental Prog¬ramme (UNEP) and endorsed by the Johannesburg World Summit on Sustainable Development in 2002 and the New York World Summit in September 2005. It has been developed by a multi-stakeholder Preparatory Committee, co-convened by UNEP, the Intergovernmental Forum on Chemical Safety (IFCS) and the Inter-Organization Programme for the Sound Management of Chemicals (IOMC).
SAICM was developed by a multi-stakeholder and multi-sectoral Preparatory Com¬mittee and supports the achievement of the goal agreed at the 2002 Johannesburg World Summit on Sustainable Development of ensuring that, by the year 2020, chemicals are produced and used in ways that minimize significant adverse impacts on the environment and human health.